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Monday, 20 September 2010 19:24

Al-Hidayah by al-Marghinani - Classical Hanafi Book

Written by  Burhan al-Din al-Marghinani
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Al-Hidayah Fi Sharh Bidayat Al-Mubtadi الهداية شرح بداية المبتدي

By Burhan Uddin al-Farghani al-Marghinani (d. 593 A.H.)

A comprehensive and detailed book about the Hanafi Fiqh. It is widely used as a text book in the Hanafi Islamic Law in the traditional Islamic schools. This is one of the earliest works on Hanafi Fiqh.

The Author

Shaykh al-Islam, Muhaddith and Hafiz, Abu al-Hasan Burhan al-Din 'Ali b. Abi Bakr b. 'Abd al Jalal al-Farghani, al-Marghinani, the great Hanafi jurist, was born at Marghian in the vicinity of Farghana in 530/1135 (in Present Day Uzbekistan) He died in 593/1197. He studied with Mufti Najm al Din Abu Hafs 'Umar al-Nasafi, his son Abu'l Layth Ahmad b. 'Umar al Nasafi and other eminent teachers, and excelled in Hadith, Tafsir, Fiqh and other studies. His scholarship was recognised and praised by eminent scholars such as Imam Fakhr al-Din Qadi Khan, Zahir al-Din Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Bukhari (the author of al-Fatawa al-Zahiriyyah) and others.

Arabic

  • Download full text in 4 volumes from the attachments. Also available at 4shared.com
  • Fath al-Qadir Sharh al-Hidayah by Ibn al-Hamam Hanafi (d. 861 A.H.), published by Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiya, Beirut Lebanon. 10 Volumes Download from archive.org
    شرح فتح القدير على الهداية شرح بداية المبتدي
    تأليف: الإمام كمال الدين محمد بن عبد الواحد السيواسي ثم السكندري المعروف بـ: ابن الهمام الحنفي المتوفى 861هـ
    علق عليه وخرج أحاديثه: عبد الرازق غالب المهدي
    طبعة دار الكتب العلمية / بيروت / لبنان
    الطبعة الأولى
    سنة الطبع: 1424هـ / 2003م
  • Al-Hidayah Ma' Sharh al-Kifayah, text with commentary by Hakim Abdul Majeed, published in Calcutta India. Download Vol-1 Vol-2 Vol-3 from al-mostafa.com
  • Al-Binayah Sharh al-Hidayah 8 volumes by Nasir al-Islam Rampuri, published Beirut 1990. Contains the original text of al-Hidayah with detailed commentary.  Download from archive.org

Bengali

  • Translated by Maolana Abu Taher Mechbah. Download Volume 1 from the attachments below.

Others

  • The first two volumes have been translated into English by Imran Ahsan Khan Nyazee and are available at online stores.
  • It has also been translated in Turkish. Volume 1 is also available in Bengali and will be published here soon.

Review

(From openlibrary.org)

The Hidayah represents the refined, distilled and authentic version of a legal tradition developed over many centuries. It presents the corpus of Hanafi law in its approved and preferred form and forges an organic link with the other schools of law. There is no book that can match the power of al-Hidayah as a teaching manual. Education in Islamic law is not complete without this book. Accordingly, each and every madrassah, whatever its affiliation, imparts instruction in Islamic law through al-Hidayah. The book was designed by the author in such a way that it makes a vigorous interaction between teacher and student unavoidable. Each sentence presents a challenge both to the teacher and the taught. In this process, the student acquires a deep knowledge of the issues of fiqh and the methods of reasoning employed by Islamic law. The teacher, on his part, has a unique opportunity, while using the book in the class session, to give full expression to his skills and abilities.

The primary reason for its popularity is the reliability of its statements and the soundness of its legal reasoning. Most researche rs and schola rs fi rst consult al-Hidayah before they move to another source. In the area of Muslim pe rsonal law, it has been the major source relied upon by courts in Pakistan, Bangladesh and India. The need for this book, since the day it was written, led to the writing of well over forty commentaries and glosses on it, and this does not include the books written to document its traditions. This is rare not only for Islamic law, but for any field of knowledge.

In comparing the Mukhtasar of al-Quduri, the book in which al-Hidayah is based upon, we note the following differences:

  • Al-Quduri has errors that have been corrected in Bidayat al-Mubtadi (the matn, bold text of al-Hidayah)
  • Bidayat al-Mubtadi is based on Quduri but has 25% more text as it includes those rulings that were missed in Quduri
  • Bidayat al-Mubtadi states the rulings in a more comprehensive way so that the rule is clearly understood
  • Bidayat al-Mubtadi is organised in a better way
  • Bidayat al-Mubtadi has a commentary written by the author himself. This commentary is called the Hidayah. This is not the case with al-Quduri
Read 20256 times Last modified on Tuesday, 21 September 2010 15:05

4 comments

  • Comment Link Amjad Mahmood Monday, 03 September 2012 11:03 posted by Amjad Mahmood

    please provide Urdu translation of Al-Hidayah. Thanks

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  • Comment Link Thursday, 07 July 2011 16:14 posted by

    Brothers! Assalam o Alaikum

    Any one can tell me where i can find AL HIDAYAH vol2 with english translation ?? please send me the link on aashobattash@hotmail.com , thanks

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  • Comment Link Monday, 24 January 2011 01:03 posted by

    IS there a hidaya book in which text is with aeerab?

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  • Comment Link Friday, 19 November 2010 04:11 posted by

    the islamic books which are provided by you in original state are very good jazkum-allah but in transalatin every translater puts his own theory of his own under-standing.

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