Shaykh Muhammad Naqshband Sirhindi (1034-1115 AH)

Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Naqshband Mujaddidī Sirhindī alias Hujjat-Allāh (1034-1115 AH) was the second son of Imam Muhammad Ma’sūm Fārūqī Sirhindī (1007-1079), may Allah be pleased with them both. He was born in the month of Dhu al-Qa’dā 1034 AH. His name was chosen to be Muhammad Naqshband and he was often called Naqshband Sānī (Naqshband the second). He was usually called with his title Hujjatullāh (proof of Allah).

He learned Islamic sciences from the finest scholars of that time, including his uncle Khwaja Muhammad Sa’eed Sirhindi, who would often say that he comes not to learn but to teach (refering to his exceptional learning abilities and extraordinary comments on classical Islamic texts). He would even engage in scholarly debates with his teachers, which could last for many hours.

He was spiritually trained by his father and was given complete Ijazah (authority) in the Mujaddidi tariqah. According to most sources, he was the third Qayyūm in the line of Qayyūmiyah, the highest rank of sainthood and spiritual mastery.

He was known to be a shaykh of the military, as he used to live in the Mughal army and was a spiritual master of many soldiers and commanders.

He performed Hajj twice, second time in about 1095 AH.

He used to say that I often receive Ilhām (divine words) that I have forgiven your friends (his followers).

Once he raised his head from Muraqibah and said, Hazrat Musa (alaih-is-salām) has come.

His grandson and spiritual successor Khwaja Muhammad Zubair Sirhindi narrates, that once Khwaja Hujjatullah was sitting in his home and was quite ill. An angel appeared in its real form, wearing a turban, and said to him that Allah has sent Salām to you. He raised his face and saw the angel with his physical eyes, and replied with the following words:

اللهم انت السلام و منک السلام تبارک يا ذالجلال والاکرام

He passed away to the eternal world on 9 Muharram 1115 AH (14 May 1703) at the age of 80, and was buried in Sirhind (India).

Among his sons are the following:

  1. Shaykh Abul-A’lā Sirhindī, died during the life of his father in 1106 or 1107 AH. He was the father of the fourth Qayyūm Shaykh Muhammad Zubair Sirhindī.
  2. Shaykh Muhammad Umar Sirhindī, died a few years after his father
  3. Shaykh Muhammad Kāzim Sirhindī, died a few years after his father in Hyderabad (India)

His letters (Maktūbāt) in Persian were collected by Maulānā Imāduddīn Muhammad, and were first published in 1963 by Dr. Ghulam Mustafa Khan from Hyderabad (Pakistan). This collection includes 128 letters which are of higher importance, though some more letters exist in the original manuscript. Maktabah Mujaddidiyah has digitized these letters which can be accessed online on Internet Archive.

Many of these letters were written to the great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb who was a sincere follower of the Mujaddidi family of Sufi masters. Urdu translation of these letters has recently been published and will soon be digitized by Maktabah Mujaddidiyah.

Among his deputies were the following:

  1. His chief deputy was his grandson Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Zubair Mujaddidī Sirhindī who is often regarded as the fourth Qayyūm.
  2. Shaykh Abul-Khair Burhānpurī, who was son of Shaykh Abul-Muzaffar Burhānpurī the deputy of Imām Muhammad Ma’sūm Sirhindī.
  3. Shaykh Ziyā ad-Dīn Yūsuf Mujaddidī Sirhindī ibn Khwāja Yahyā ibn Imām Rabbānī
  4. Shaykh Abd al-Karīm
  5. Shaykh Hājī Abd-Allāh

Sources

  1. Maqāmāt-i Ma’sūmi (Persian), by Mir Safar Ahmad Masoomi, Urdu translation by Muhammad Iqbal Mujaddidi, published in 2004 by Zia-ul-Quran Publications, Lahore
  2. Wasīlat-ul-Qubool (Persian, letters of Khwaja Hujjatullah), published in 1963 by Dr. Ghulam Mustafa Khan
Shrine of Khwaja Hujjatullah Sirhindi

Shrine of Khwaja Hujjatullah Sirhindi, at Sirhind (India)

Tomb of Khwaja Hujjatullah Sirhindi

Tomb of Khwaja Hujjatullah Sirhindi, at Sirhind (India)

Broken minaret on the tomb of Khwaja Hujjatullah

Broken minaret on the tomb of Khwaja Hujjatullah Sirhindi. The minarets of this noble shrine are missing and it is said that during the riots of partition in 1946, some Sikhs came to attack the Muslims hiding inside the shrine. When they approached the tomb, the minarets started falling on them so they were scared and turned back.

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7 Responses to Shaykh Muhammad Naqshband Sirhindi (1034-1115 AH)

  1. Khalid Bin Umar says:

    Assalamu’alaikum !

    A very nice blog and good effort. May Allaah swt reward you for the same.
    I go to Sirhind off & on and I am in the habit of reading and writing the lives of Great Sufi masters.
    Was’salaam
    Khalid
    New Delhi

  2. mohamad hanif shermohamad says:

    asslamoalykum my self is inserch of my beloved murshide giraami of my sijara mubarak and this is one of them i would like to jayaarat roza mubaarak and i am trying to get adrees and information about them and you have provide me that think very thankfull to you and never stop be active do more caryon god will always with you contect me i will be very happy thank you allah hafiz
    ahmedabad gujarat india

  3. mohamad hanif shermohamad says:

    give me some data about Khwaja mohamad juber sirhindi who is the grandson and khalifa of hajarat mohamad nakshband. and please send me location of mazarat and adress of them

  4. wahid mujaddedi says:

    the loocation of the mazarat hazarat serhindi qadasa asraruhum are in serhind sherif near patiala or chaniger pnjab india if you go there you dont want to leave itis peace of paradize my allah s w t sanctify your soul

  5. wahid mujaddedi says:

    the loocation of the mazarat hazarat serhindi qadasa asraruhum are in serhind sherif near patiala or chaniger pnjab india if you go there you dont want to leave itis peace of paradize my allah s w t sanctify your soul brothers please dont get involed in dewband berali disputes if you realy love serhindis al youre self main streem muslim not nything else

  6. wahid mujaddedi says:

    the loocation of the mazarat hazarat serhindi qadasa asraruhum are in serhind sherif near patiala or chaniger pnjab india if you go there you dont want to leave itis peace of paradize my allah s w t sanctify your soul brothers please dont get involed in dewband berali disputes if you realy love serhindis cal youre self main streem muslim not nything else

  7. Waheed Ullah says:

    The author of Maqamat i Masumi “Mir Safar Ahmad Masoomi” is my grandfather. I can tell you more about his family and the renowned Wali’s of his family right now. The most famous of them was Fazl Ahmad Masoomi popularly known as Hazrat Jeo and Hazrat Ji Sahib Peshawari. His mureeds were in millions and about 800 were his khalifas. Five rulers of his time were his mureeds and khalifa. There is a chapter on Hazrat Ji sahib Peshawari In Maqamat i masumi. I need the contact number of this blog author so that i can share further information with him.

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