The most venerable among the saints Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Sādiq Fārūqī Sirhindī (1000-1025 AH) radiyAllāhu anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) was the eldest son of Imām Rabbānī Mujaddid Alf-i Sānī Hadhrat Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindī (971-1034 AH) radiyAllāhu anhu. His family tree goes to the second caliph Hadhrat Sayyidinā Umar ibn Khattāb al-Fārūq radiyAllāhu anhu, so his family name is Fārūqī.
He was born in the mid of 1000 AH. Signs of sainthood and guidedness were apparent in him in the childhood. At the age of eight, he accompanied his blessed father to the venerable saint Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Bāqī Billāh Naqshbandī Ahrarī quddisa sirruhū (may his secret be sanctified) and learned the Naqshbandī spiritual path. In only few months, he reached such sublime spiritual stations that were usually acquired by other saints in their lifetimes.
Once, one of the Sufi shaykhs of that time came to visit Khwāja Bāqī Billāh quddisa sirruhū and reported the spiritual states he had experienced. He then asked the Khwāja if that was all the venerable Khwāja possessed, or if he had more that he could acquire from him. The Khwāja asked his disciples to fetch Khwāja Muhammad Sādiq, who was still only a child, and asked him to tell his spiritual states. Khwāja Muhammad Sādiq started telling his stations, which he had acquired in only two or three months, and the visiting shaykh was astonished that what he had acquired in fifty years, were still lower than those of that child.
He received education from his noble father Shaykh Mujaddid, Mawlānā Tāhir Lāhorī (d. 1040 AH) and Mawlānā Ma’sūm Kābulī (d. 1026 AH). He graduated from all contemporary courses at the age of eighteen.
After traversing the stations of the spiritual path, he was awarded deputyship by his father Imām Rabbānī at the age of twenty one, on a Friday in the month of Jumādā as-Sānī 1021 AH. That day, a large number of people swore allegiance to him in the Sufi path.
His noble father wrote about him:
“My son is among the knowers of secrets, and is protected from errors and mistakes.”
After his demise, his father wrote in one of his letters:
“The eldest son radiyAllāhu anhu along with his two brothers Muhammad Farrukh and Muhammad Īsā has made the journey to the Hereafter …. Thanks to the Almighty that first he granted the power (of patience) to the remainders and then revealed the calamity …. The deceased son was a sign from the signs of Allāh and a mercy from the mercies of the Lord of the worlds.”
He passed away in a plague at the age of twenty four on Monday 9th Rabī’ al-Awwal 1025 AH (28 March 1616 CE). After his demise, the plague suddenly stopped spreading and those affected by it were cured. One dervish saw in a dream that whoever will write his name and keep it with himself, will be cured from plague. People followed this advice and were cured from the symptoms of the disease. Many Sufi masters of the Mujaddidi Order have been prescribing this spiritual cure for plague and other diseases, and have observed its effects.
Hadhrat Mujaddid made Istikhārah for finding the place where his noble son should be buried. Based on the Istikhārah, he was buried in the courtyard of his own house, in the noble town Sirhind, India. For some time, his grave was made of mud surrounded by a simple boundary. Later, his noble father Imām Rabbānī built a mausoleum over his blessed grave. When Imām Rabbānī passed away, he was also buried in the same mausoleum besides the grave of his son. The grave of Khwāja Muhammad Sādiq moved away to make some room between the two graves. This miracle was witnessed by many people.
Hadhrat Mujaddid would visit his noble grave after every Friday prayer and meditate there for long. Every Sunday, he would arrange a Zikr gathering at his blessed tomb.
It was a common tradition to compose a verse for recording the year of death or birth of notable persons, such that the Abjad numbers of the letters in the verse would sum up as the year. The year of death of Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Sādiq is a beautiful verse composed of the day, date and month of his death in Persian, as follows:
روز دو شنبه نهم ربيع الاول
Translation: “Day Monday Ninth Rabī’ al-Awwal” (the Arabic letters sum up to 1025).
(See Wikipedia article for abjad numbers)
He had married and left behind one son named Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Sirhindī quddisa sirruhū who possessed strange spiritual states. Shaykh Muhammad had three sons:
- Shaykh Muhammad Ibrāhīm Sirhindī
- Shaykh Muhammad Zāhid Sirhindī
- Shaykh Muhammad Ābid Sirhindī
- Hadhrāt al-Quds, by Shaykh Badr ad-Dīn Sirhindī
- Zubdat al-Maqāmāt, by Khwāja Muhammad Hāshim Kishmī
- Hudya-i Ahmadiya (Persian), by Shaykh Ahmad Abul-Khair Makkī, published in 1313 AH, Kānpur, India.