Imam Muhammad Masoom Faruqi Sirhindi (1007-1079 AH)

Hazrat Khwāja Imām Muhammad Ma’sūm Fārūqī Sirhindī Naqshbandī (1007-1079 AH) was the third son and successor of Mujaddid Alf-e-Sānī Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindī (971-1034 AH), may Allah be pleased with them both.

He was born in 1007 AH (1598/1599 C.E) in Sirhind (India).

At the age of 11, his father took him as a murid and trained him in tarīqat.

Hazrat Khwaja used to say that all my prayers, whether Fard or Nawāfil, are offered over the Arsh.

This great sun of guidance left this mortal world on Saturday 9th Rabī al-Awwal 1079 AH (16/17 August 1668). In the night before this sad day, a voice was heard in every house of Sirhind that tomorrow morning the Qayyūm of this time will depart from this mortal world to the eternal place.

Deputies and descendants

According to an authentic narration, Imam Ma’sūm had about nine hundred thousand direct disciples and seven thousand of them were authorized as deputies in the Sufi Path. Many names of his deputies are found in various sources. All six of his sons received deputyship from him and were among his chief deputies.

From the great number of deputies, ten are known to be the greatest and more prominent than others. These include his six exalted sons, two from his noble family, and two others. Following is the list of his deputies that are known from authentic sources. The top ten are the most dignified deputies.

  1. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Sibghat-Allāh Sirhindī (1033-1122 AH), his eldest son
  2. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Naqshband, alias Hujjat-Allāh (1034-1115 AH), his 2nd son
  3. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Ubaid-Allāh (1038-1083 AH), his 3rd son
  4. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Ashraf (1043-1118 AH), his 4th son
  5. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Saif ad-Dīn (1049-1096 AH), his 5th son
  6. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Siddīq (1059-1131 AH), his 6th son
  7. Hadhrat Khwāja Abul-Qāsim Sirhindī (1055-1082 AH), son of Khwaja Sibghat-Allāh (his grandson)
  8. Hadhrat Khwāja Abd al-Ahad alias Hadhrat Wahdat (d.1126 AH), son of Khwāja Muhammad Sa’īd son of Imām Rabbānī (his nephew)
  9. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Hanīf Kābulī (d. 1078 AH)
  10. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Siddīq Pishāwarī (d. 1092 AH), son of Khwaja Abd al-Ghafur Samarqandi who was a deputy of Imam Rabbani
  11. Hadhrat Hāfiz Muhammad Muhsin Dihlawī
  12. Hadhrat Mīrzā Amān-Allāh Burhānpurī
  13. Hadhrat Shaykh Abul-Muzaffar Burhānpurī
  14. Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Alīm Jalālābādī, buried in Shahjahanpur, India
  15. Hadhrat Shaykh Muftī Muhammad Bāqir Lāhorī (d. 1109 AH)
  16. Hadhrat Mirzā Ubaid-Allāh Beg
  17. Hadhrat Mawlānā Hasan Alī Pishāwarī
  18. Hadhrat Mawlānā Mūsā Bhattī-Kothī (d. 1123 AH)
  19. Hadhrat Mawlānā Badr ad-Dīn Sultānpurī
  20. Hadhrat Mawlānā Hāfiz Abd al-Karīm Tūhānī
  21. Hadhrat Shaykh Bāyazīd Sahāranpurī, son of Shaykh Badī’ ad-Dīn Sahāranpurī who was deputy of Imām Rabbānī
  22. Hadhrat Hājī Habīb-Allāh Hisārī Bukhārī (d. 1110 AH), buried in Bukhārā, Uzbekistan
  23. Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Murād Kashmīrī Shāmī (d.1125 AH), buried in Jerusalem, Palestine
  24. Ḥaḍrat Makhdūm Ādam Thattvī Sindhī (Thattā, Sindh)
  25. Hadhrat Sayyid Yūsuf Gardezī Multānī (d. 1090 AH), buried in Multan, Pakistan
  26. Hadhrat Mīr Sharf ad-Dīn Husain Lāhorī (d. 1103 AH), buried in Lahore, Pakistan. His wife was also authorized by Imam Muhammad Ma’sum to hold dhikr circles for women.
  27. Hadhrat Shaykh Anwar Nūrsarāī
  28. Hadhrat Shaykh Husain Mansūr Jālandharī
  29. Hadhrat Akhund Mawlānā Sijāwal Sirhindī
  30. Hadhrat Mīr Rif’at Beg Gurzdār
  31. Hadhrat Shaykh Pīr Dihlawī, buried in Delhi
  32. Hadhrat Shāh Husain Ushāq Aurangābādī (d. 1109 AH)
  33. Hadhrat Khwāja Abd as-Samad Kābulī (d. 1108 AH)
  34. Hadhrat Shaykh Abd al-Karīm Kābulī (d. 1114 AH), buried in Kabul, Afghanistan
  35. Hadhrat Shaykh Qāsim Kābulī
  36. Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Amīn Hāfizābādī
  37. Hadhrat Shaykh Atā’-Allāh Sūratī, buried in Aurangābād, India
  38. Hadhrat Shaykh Nūr Muhammad Sūratī
  39. Hadhrat Hāfiz Muhsin Siyālkotī
  40. Hadhrat Hāfiz Muhammad Sharīf Lāhorī
  41. Hadhrat Hājī Amān-Allāh Lāhorī (d. 1110 AH), buried in Lahore, Pakistan
  42. Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Fārūq Lāhorī
  43. Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Ārif Lāhorī
  44. Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Amīn Bukhārī Pishāwarī
  45. Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Salīm Balkhī
  46. Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Muhammad Āshūr Bukhārī (d. 1107 AH), buried in Delhi, India
  47. Hadhrat Shaykh Hāfiz Muhammad Sādiq Kābulī, buried in Sirhind, India
  48. Hadhrat Shaykh Nazar Beg Samarqandī
  49. Hadhrat Sayyid Isrā’īl Dihlawī
  50. Hadhrat Khwāja Māh Dihlawī son of Khwāja Abd ar-Rahmān Naqshbandī
  51. Hadhrat Mīr Ghazanfar Dihlawī
  52. Hadhrat Mīr Ārif, grandson of Mīr Muhammad Nu’mān
  53. Hadhrat Mīr Abd al-Fattāh, son of Mīr Muhammad Nu’mān
  54. Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Jān, son of Mīr Muhammad Nu’mān
  55. Hadhrat Mawlānā Jān Muhammad Warsakī
  56. Hadhrat Mīr Ammād Harvī al-Husainī
  57. Hadhrat Mīr Sharf ad-Dīn Husain, son of Mīr Ammād al-Husainī
  58. Hadhrat Mīr Mufākhir Husain, son of Mīr Ammād al-Husainī
  59. Hadhrat Mīr Muzaffar Husain
  60. Hadhrat Mīr Muhammad Zamān Rāsikh (d. 1107 AH), grandson of Mīr Ammād al-Husainī
  61. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Sharīf Bukhārī
  62. Hadhrat Khwāja Abd al-Latīf Bukhārī, brother of Khwāja Muhammad Sharīf Bukhārī
  63. Hadhrat Sūfī Pāindah Muhammad Kābulī
  64. Hadhrat Mawlānā Pāindah Muhammad Kābulī, a great poet and author of Majma’ al-Bahrain
  65. Hadhrat Sūfī Abd ar-Raūf Kābulī
  66. Hadhrat Mīr Māh Arab
  67. Hadhrat Sūfī Sa’d-Allāh Kābulī
  68. Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Abd al-Khāliq Bangālī
  69. Hadhrat Shaykh Rahīmdād Afghān
  70. Hadhrat Shaykh Ghulām Muhammad Afghān
  71. Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Khān Afghān
  72. Hadhrat Shaykh Ahmad Khān Afghān
  73. Hadhrat Hāfiz Shahāb ad-Dīn
  74. Hadhrat Khwāja Abd al-Latīf Pishāwarī
  75. Hadhrat Sūfī Dost Muhammad Beg Pishāwarī
  76. Hadhrat Mīr Alī Murād Sirhindī
  77. Hadhrat Shaykh Mīr Muhammad Khāfī
  78. Hadhrat Shaykh Shāh Khwājah Tirmidhī
  79. Hadhrat Shaykh Asad-Allāh Afghān
  80. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Fārūq son of Khwaja Abd al-Ghafur Samarqandi
  81. Hadhrat Mawlānā Jamāl ad-Dīn
  82. Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Afzal
  83. Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Husain
  84. Hadhrat Sūfī Nūr Beg
  85. Hadhrat Mawlānā Qāsim Rūparī
  86. Hadhrat Mawlānā Faiz Muhammad Fateh-ābādī
  87. Hadhrat Miyān Dinār (a third-gender servant of Mughal emperor Shāhjahān)
  88. Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Yār alias Khudā Parast Khān (d. 1123 AH)
  89. Hadhrat Mawlānā Qul Ahmad Turk, moved to the Haramain Sharīfain
  90. Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Yūsuf the Muazzin
  91. Hadhrat Mīr Muhammad Ma’sūm Sirhindī
  92. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Mu’min Jazbī
  93. Hadhrat Shaykh Hājī Muhammad Jān Tāliqānī
  94. Hadhrat Mawlānā Mu’min Beg Burhānpurī
  95. Hadhrat Mīr Mughal Kābulī
  96. Hadhrat Shaykh Mu’min Beg Kābulī
  97. Hadhrat Mawlānā Khwāja Musāfir
  98. Hadhrat Shaykh Abd al-Hamīd Burhānpurī
  99. Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Kāshif
  100. Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Sharīf Kābulī
  101. Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Hakīm Bukhārī
  102. Hadhrat Makhdūm Kabīr Muhammad Thattvī (Thattā, Sindh)
  103. Hadhrat Shaykh Ibrāhīm Bakrī
  104. Hadhrat Shaykh Nūr-Allāh Lāhorī
  105. Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Hakīm Bukhārī
  106. Hadhrat Mawlānā Hasan Dihlawī
  107. Hadhrat Sūfī Abd ar-Rahmān
  108. Hadhrat Shaykh Abd al-Latīf Lashkarkhānī
  109. Hadhrat Shāh Fat’h-Allāh, shaykh of Khwāja Abd ar-Rasūl Siddīqī Ahmadābādī who was the shaykh of Makhdūm Abul-Hasan Dāhirī Sindhi, a famous scholar of Sindh (Yanābī’, by Makhdūm Abul-Hasan Dāhirī)
  110. Hadhrat Sayyid Zain al-Ābidīn Yamanī Muhaddith Madanī
  111. Hadhrat Shaykh Umar Shāfi’ī Yamanī
  112. Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Sādiq Bukhārī
  113. Hadhrat Mawlānā Abd-Allāh Hijāzī
  114. Hadhrat Mawlānā Shaykh Abd ar-Rahmān al-Qarāsmānī
  115. Hadhrat Mawlana Shaykh Alī Yamanī
  116. Hadhrat Mawlana Shaykh Abū Turāb
  117. Hadhrat Shaykh Abd-Allāh Maghribī Sūfī

Islamic rule in India

Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir (1027-1118 AH) was his murid since his princehood, and continued to be a true lover and disciple of the Imam. After the Imam’s demise in 1079 AH, he remained loyal and sincere follower of the noble sons of Imam, who were then the greatest masters of the Mujaddidi order.

Imam Masoom not only trained Aurangzeb in the Mujaddidi Sufi path, he also took great care to provide Shariah guidance to the king in matters of the state. It was because of this spiritual and religious guidance that Aurangzeb governed the greater India with Shariah rule and banned non-Islamic practices such as music. Khwaja Saifuddin, the fifth son of Imam Masoom, was sent to accompany the king in Delhi and to instruct him to follow Shariah in the day-to-day matters of the court. The emperor not only obeyed the instructions of this great Khwaja, he also received spiritual training from him for which he thanked Imam Ma’soom in a letter.

Many other kings from Central Asia were direct disciples of Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Masoom. The number of Nawabs and other local rulers who were among his sincere followers is countless.

Writings

Maktubat sharif (Farsi), collection of letters compiled in three volumes. vol-1, vol-2, vol-3

Urdu translation of Maktubat by Sayyid Zawwar Hussain Shah, vol-1, vol-2, vol-3

Arabic translation of selected letters

Bengali translation of selected letters, translated by Anisur Rahman, published by Hakimabad Khanka-e-Mozaddedia

English translation of selected letters, available for purchase online

Risalah Masoomiyah (with Sindhi translation, in handwriting), a collection of daily supplications from Sunnah. The original Farsi text is still unavailable in digital format.

Hasanāt-ul-Haramain (Farsi with Urdu translation), collection of spiritual visions (Mushāhidāt) of Imam Muhammad Masoom during his Hajj journey. Written by his son Khwaja Muhammad Ubaydullah Sirhindi. Translated in Urdu by Muhammad Iqbal Mujaddidi.

The next in the Naqshbandī Mujaddidī Tāhirī spiritual golden chain is Shaykh Muhammad Saif ad-Dīn Sirhindī.

References

  1. Umdat al-Maqāmāt (Persian) by Khwāja Muhammad Fadhl-Allāh Sirhindī Mujaddidī, First Edition, pp. 339-341
  2. Yanābī’ al-Hayāt al-Abadiyah, by Makhdūm Abul-Hasan Dāhirī Naqshbandī

Photo gallery

Here are a few pictures of his noble shrine in Sirhind (India). His mausoleum is built separate from that of his father. His tomb also holds other graves of his sons and grandsons.

Shrine of khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi

Shrine of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Faruqi Sirhindi, in Sirhind (India)

Shrine of khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi 2

Shrine of Imam Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi, the frontside

Backside of the tomb

Backside of the tomb of Imam Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi

Tomb of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi

Dome over the shrine of Imam Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi

Grave of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi 1

The illuminated grave of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi. This is the false grave open to visitors and devotees. The real grave lies underground and is locked.

Grave of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi 2

The noble grave of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi in the center. Graves of his sons are in the sides. Actual graves are underground and these are symbolic graves for visitors.

Grave of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi 3

Another view of the noble grave

Grave of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi 4

Beautiful view of the sacred grave of Imam Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi

Grave of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi 5

Another picture of the illuminated grave of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi

Grave of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi 6

A beautiful side view of the blessed grave of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi

Ceiling decorated with Mughal era paintings

Ceiling of the tomb decorated with Mughal era designs

Following are the title pages of his Maktubat sharif and other writings.

Maktubat-Masoom-1-urdu

Title of the Urdu translation of first volume of the Maktubat of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi, translated by Sayyid Zawwar Hussain Shah

Maktubat-Masoom-2-urdu

Title of the Urdu translation of the second volume of Maktubat of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi, translated by Sayyid Zawwar Hussain Shah

Maktubat-Masoom-3-urdu

Title of Urdu translation of the third volume of Maktubat of Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi, translated by Sayyid Zawwar Hussain Shah

Letter of Aurangzeb to Khwaja Muhammad Masoom

A previously unpublished letter of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb to Khwaja Muhammad Masoom Sirhindi (from volume 4 of Maqāmāt Ma’sūmī, translated by Muhammad Iqbal Mujaddidi, published in 2004 by Zia-ul-Quran Publications Lahore)

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6 Responses to Imam Muhammad Masoom Faruqi Sirhindi (1007-1079 AH)

  1. Yasir Manzoor Khattak says:

    Assalam-o-Alakum,
    Main app say Guzarish karta hoon kay Mujhay Hazrat Khawaja Masoom Sab ki tamam Kitabon kay name of milnay kay Adresses Bhej dain. Main app ka mamnoon rahoon ga.
    Wassalam,
    Yasir Manzoor

  2. mustafa demirci says:

    Could you send to me Risâlah Al-Masoom (Dua and Âzkâr) written by Farsi ?

  3. abdul jabbar hanjra naqshbandi says:

    remarable work may u live long

  4. Sayyed Jahangirali Javedali says:

    Assalamalekum WA rahematullahi wa barakatahu….
    I belong to the 112th disciple of HAZRAT IMAM Massom Sirhindhi…
    Can I get the details of HAZRAT KHWAJA MOHAMMAD SADIQ BHUKHARI…
    Because we do not have any detail about hine but the shijrah of his familyyy…..

  5. Mohammed Rafeeq says:

    Thank you for the nice information Mashallah

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