Little is known about Hadhrat Hāfiz Muhammad Mohsin Dehlavī Mujaddidī, may Allah sanctify his soul, who was a glorious master of the Naqshbandi order in Delhi, in the early 12th century of the Hijri calendar.
He was a scholar of highest caliber and a Sufi master of the Mujaddidi tariqa. He was a maternal grandson of the dignified Indian Hadīth scholar Shaykh Abdul Haqq Dehlavi. Despite his luminous status in the family of the Mujaddidi Awliya, very few accounts of him are reported in history. Indeed, he was an example of the saints for whom Allah the Exalted has declared “My Awliya are hidden in my Divine Garb and no one knows them except Me.”
He was a murīd (disciple) of Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Masoom (1007-1079 AH), grandson of Imam Rabbāni Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindī (971-1034 AH), may Allah be pleased with them. After getting the spiritual training and perfection in practice and character, he was awarded khilāfa by Khwaja Muhammad Masoom.
He had reached very high spiritual ranks, specially in Taqwā. Hadhrat Sayyid Noor Muhammad (d. 1135 AH), who first learned tarīqa from Khwaja Saifuddin, later associated himself to Hāfiz Mohsin to ascend to further stages of the path. He said, once I went to visit the shrine of my Shaykh Hāfiz Muhammad Mohsin; I saw in vision that the body and shroud of the Shaykh was in good condition, but the dust had disturbed the palms of the feet and that part of the shroud. I asked him about the cause for that, and he said if you remember that I had placed someone’s stone at the place of my Wudū without permission, considering that I will hand it over to the owner when he returns. Once I placed my foot on that stone, and that’s why it is affected by the soil.
Hafiz Muhammad Mohsin also benefited spiritually from Hazrat Shaykh Saifuddīn Sirhindī, the successor of Khwājā Muhammad Masoom. The Maktubat (collection of letters) of Khwaja Saifuddin contain two letters mentioning Hafiz Muhammad Mohsin and his spiritual status (available online, letters 170, 172) and two letters directly addressed to him (letters 179 and 180).
His dates of birth and death are not known, but it can be said that he died before Sayyid Noor Muhammad, his khalīfa and successor, who passed away in 1135 AH. The author of Khazinat-ul-Asfiya records his death of demise in 1147 AH, but this is contradictory to the historical evidence.
His illuminated grave lies inside the shrine of his grandfather Shaykh Abdul Haqq Muhaddith Dehlavi in Delhi.
- Maqāmāt Mazhari by Shah Ghulām Ali, Urdu translation and research by Muhammad Iqbal Mujaddidi, 2nd edition, Urdu Science Board Lahore, 2001
- Short biography in Urdu by Mukhtar Ahmed Khokhar, published in Attahir [www.islahulmuslimeen.org]