Four Ahadith about Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alf Sani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi

Following are few Ḥadīths about Imām Rabbānī, the Mujaddid of the 2nd millenium of Islam, Shaykh Aḥmad Fārūqī Sirhindī (971-1034 AH) raḍiy-Allāhu ‘anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him).

The First Ḥadīth

A Ḥadīth showing the dignity of the scholars of this ’Ummah:

علماء أمتي كانبياء بني اسرائيل

Our beloved Prophet ṣall-Allāhu ‘alaihi wa-sallam said:

“The scholars of my ’Ummah are like the prophets of Banī Isrā’īl.”

This Ḥadīth is counted as a weak Ḥadīth, as some scholars doubt its attribution to the Prophet peace be upon him. However, with respect to its content, it is very similar to another authentic Ḥadīth which reads “Scholars are the inheritors of Prophets”. Therefore many scholars have accepted this Ḥadīth as valid, or at least the content of this Ḥadīth to be true.

Although this Ḥadīth concerns all the great scholars of this ’Ummah, yet one-to-one likeness cannot be ruled out. Many prophets were sent to Banī Isrā’īl, but at the turn of every thousand years, a great Messenger of Allah (Rasool) would arrive in the previous nations and bring new rules and new Shariah. Sayyidunā Mūsā and Sayyidunā Īsā peace be on them came at the turn of a millennium. Similarly, this ’Ummah also needed a very powerful Mujaddid (reviver) when one thousand years passed from the demise of the Holy Prophet ṣall-Allāhu ‘alaihi wa-sallam. Thus Allāh Almighty, with his great mercy on humankind and specially on this ’Ummah, sent Imām Rabbānī Shaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī and made him a reviver of a millennium, unlike other scholars and revivers whose efforts were limited to their times. The renovation done by Imām Rabbānī will last for the full 2nd millennium of the Hijrī calendar.

The Second Ḥadīth

This is the well-known Ḥadīth about the arrival of a Mujaddid (reviver) in this ’Ummah at the turn of every century

عن أبو هريرة رضي الله عنه عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أنه قال:
( إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ لِهَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ عَلَى رَأْسِ كُلِّ مِائَةِ سَنَةٍ مَنْ يُجَدِّدُ لَهَا دِينَهَا )
رواه أبو داود (رقم/4291) وصححه السخاوي في “المقاصد الحسنة” (149)

Narrated from ’Abū Huraira raḍiy-Allāhu ‘anhu, from the Messenger of Allah ṣall-Allāhu ‘alaihi wa-sallam, who said:

“Surely, Allah will send for this ’Ummah at the advent of every one hundred years a person (or persons) who will renovate its religion for it.” [Sunan ’Abū Dāwūd]

This is a Ḥadīth categorized as Ṣaḥīḥ (authentic) as all of its narrators are trustworthy. Muftī Taqī Usmānī writes about the authenticity of this Ḥadīth:

“One of the narrators of this ḥadīth is slightly doubtful about whether this ḥadīth is reported by Sayyidinā ’Abū Huraira raḍiy-Allāhu ‘anhu as a saying of the Holy Prophet or as his own saying, though he affirms it as a saying of the Holy Prophet “to the best of his knowledge”. But even if it is held to be a saying of ’Abū Hurairah himself, he could not have predicted this happening with such certainty unless he had learned it from the Holy Prophet. For this reason, the scholars of ḥadīth have taken it as an authentic ḥadīth.”

The Third Ḥadīth

This is a Ḥadīth particularly referring to the Mujaddid as a person and predicting his birth.

قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَكُونُ رَجُل فِي أُمَّتِي يُقَالُ لَه صِلَّة يَدخُلُ الجَنَّةَ بِشِفَاعَتِه كَذَا وَ كَذَا
(رواه السيوطي في جمع الجوامع)

The Prophet ṣall-Allahu ‘alaihi wa-sallam said:

“There will be a person in my ’Ummah who will be called Ṣillah (literally meaning a link or connection), with whose intercession many (people) will enter the Paradise.” [Suyūtī]

The Great Mujaddid writes in his letter written to his venerable son Imām Muḥammad Ma‘ṣūm (Volume 2 letter 6):

اَلحَمدُ للهِ الَّذِي جَعَلَنِي صِلَّةً بَينَ البَحرَينِ وَ مُصلِحًا بَينَ الفِئَتَينِ

“All praise is for Allah who made me a Ṣillah (link) between two oceans and a reformer between two groups.” [Maktūbāt, volume 2 letter 6]

The letter is written to explain the spiritual realities that occur after every 1000 years, in which the Great Mujaddid also discusses the real purpose of his birth. Thus the above words are not just a common expression, but an affirmation that the ḥadīth mentioned above is actually said for him.

Furthermore, this ḥadīth has been accepted by great scholars of ḥadīth such as Shaykh ‘Abd-al-Ḥaqq Muḥaddith Dihlawī in Akhbār al-Akhyār. Shāh ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Muḥaddith Dihlawī presents this ḥadīth in Fatāwā ‘Azīziya as a proof for the birth of Mujaddid. He states further that in the first thousand years, there has been no one with the title Ṣillah and this is proved from Naqliyāt and Mukāshifāt (transmitted knowledge and spiritual revelations).

The holy tomb of Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alf-e-Sani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi, at Sirhind, India

The holy tomb of Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alf-e-Sani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi, at Sirhind, India

Ṣillah refers to a connection between two entities. Imām Rabbānī was a connection between the two oceans of Shariah and Taṣawwuf. Before him, the two groups of scholars and Ṣufis had a gap which was widening. Many Ṣufis had adopted opinions which were contrary to the established beliefs of Shariah, and they had developed practices such as Sima‘ which were against the rules of Shariah. On the other hand, scholars of Islamic sciences were getting away from the spirituality and from the true practice of Taṣawwuf. Some of them were even against the Ṣufi practices completely. This wide gap was filled by Imām Rabbānī, whose spiritual descendants were both the greatest scholars of ḥadīth and fiqh as well as the greatest Ṣufi masters of their times.

The Fourth Ḥadīth

بعث الله رجلا على رأس احد عشر مأة سنة هو نور عظيم اسمه اسمي بين السلاطين الجابرين ويدخل الجنة بشفاعته رجال الوفا (الحديث)

The Holy Prophet ṣall-Allāhu ‘alaihi wa-sallam said:

“Allah will send a man at the head of the eleventh century who will be a magnificent light, his name will be my name, (he will come) between two mighty kings, and thousands of people will enter the Paradise with his intercession.”

The original source and sanad of this ḥadīth is not known to the author. However, it has been reported in the books of the pious masters of the Naqshbandī order.

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26 Responses to Four Ahadith about Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alf Sani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi

  1. therse no dought what soever that hazrat imam rabbani sahib is mujaddid for alfe sani or second millenium the bigist enemy of islam was camunism in this centry four centries after hazrat imam camunism was ellemimited by his great grand son hazrat sibghatulla mujaddidi sahib from afghanistan no one deny the fact that many yongesters were brain washed in islamick countries by the ellements of camunism after afghan jihad tank god they came back towards the islam and hazrat sahib was the forfrant off jihad against comuism he was the first person actully annonce the jihad against that idialogi and secceed freeing the world again from disblleaves like his great grand father hazrat imam rabbani saved the muslims in indidian sub continint any sincere devoti muslim knows that

  2. abcdef says:

    Salam alikum. I m also from Imam Rabbani,s lineage, but I dont wanna mention my name, my comment to Wahid,s saying is please dont compare a political Leader to Mujadid Alf e Sani a great spritual figure of 2 Millania,s. And for your information Hazrat Sibghatullah Mojaddidi is not HIS great grand son, but comes at 11th or 12th of Imam Rabbani,s progeny.

  3. Mushtaq Ahmed says:

    For your timely correction and negation of exaggeration, May God bless abcdef from the many blessings He has bestowed on Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi .

    One big question to all Sirhindis i.e., from the noble family of Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi .

    Where lies the noble garment of Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jillani that was destined and dispatched to as a recognition of Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi ‘

  4. sayeed says:

    hazrat shaik ahmed faroqi is
    mujaddid alfe sani. We are lucky
    hazrat is born in india

    • Rizwan Ahmed says:

      Dear Syed, Me and my family r very lucky we have made bayat on the hand of Hazrat sb’s spouse. Hazrat Ibrahim Jan Sarhandi in Pakistan.

  5. omar says:

    we all muslims are proud that aulia like sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi r.a. has come in 11 century. we all thank ALLAH that he sent IMAM-E RABBANI in india and we are the followers of tariqa of IMAM-E RABBANI MUJADDID ALF-E SANI R.A.

  6. the afghan jihad was a great raligious war it wasnt a piliticall one it was fought by mujahideen again islamic wariers if any body dought this i sujust to them to renew there iman by saying lailalaha ilalah muhammedursollilah peace be up on him

  7. PIR ABDUL WAHAB JAN SARHANDI MUJADDIDI FAROOQUI says:

    hazrat MUJADID ALIFSANI (RA) WAS A GREAT PERSON HE WAS MY GRAND FATHER WE ARE 6 HOUSES IN MATIARI CITY THE SON OF HAZRAT MUJADID ALIFSANI (RA) HAZRAT GHUWAJA MASOOM (RA) WAS MY GRAND FATHER SO PLEASE CONTACT ME MY CELL NO IS 03003096946 IWILL HELP YOU ABOUT MY FAIMLLY THANKS MR GHAFARI ALLAH AAP KO JAZE KHAIR DY AAMMEN

  8. Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alf Sani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi ke Khulfa aur Unka Silsila send me

  9. Mubeen Fathima says:

    Assalamvalaikum

    In yesterday’s DD Urdu program Ser hind E Aulia we were blessed and fortunate to see the shrine of the Great Immam Rabbani. We would love to visit the shrine very soon. Can some one please guide me I am from Chennai , Tamil Nadu?

    Regards,
    Mubeen Fathima

    • Syed Masoom Ahmed says:

      Walaikumsalaam.
      Good to know that you want to visit the shrine of Hazrat Shaykh Ahmed Mujaddid Alif e sani , which is known as Rauza Sharif Sirhind.
      It is situated in the city of Sirhind, punjab (india). From chennai you can come to Delhi and from there you catch a train or bus. It takes 4 /5 hours. The railway station is Sirhind junction, which is only 4 km away from the Rauza. Better you catch the shatabadi express at 4.30 pm from New Delhi station and it will reach Sirhind in 3 hrs non stop. Need any help kindly send me email i will guide you. jugnusirhindi@yahoo.com…. Regards S Masoom Ahmed

  10. Salaam please tell me a name of book about biography of mujjadid alifu sani

  11. Allahtalah created imam e rabbnionly for the destruction of dene illahi

  12. Hilal Ahmad Wani says:

    Iqbal (RA) ne kiya khoob farmaya;

    Hazaroun saal nargis apni be-noori pe roti ha.
    Badi mushkil se hota ha chaman main de-da-war paida.

  13. wahid says:

    whoever loves imam e rabbani and read his maktubat shereef and learn it then teach it to others will gain allahs mercy and love of his beloved in true form will be free from bidaat wich r practiced by allot of poepel today due to lack of ilm please brothrs and sister be are full who d u learn deen from meaning ilm ilm i u r deen dont folow njdi mullas and other grave worshipers st with quran and sunat wich u learn of imam azam or imam rabbani be alert about u r kids dont let them falow this goegle sheykhs

  14. A.H.M Kayes Mahmud Khan says:

    عن أبو هريرة رضي الله عنه عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أنه قال: إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ لِهَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ عَلَى رَأْسِ كُلِّ مِائَةِ سَنَةٍ مَنْ يُجَدِّدُ لَهَا دِينَهَا
    অর্থাৎ: নিশ্চয়ই আল্লাহ পাক তিনি এই উম্মতের (ইছলাহের জন্য) প্রত্যেক হিজরি শতকের শুরুতে একজন মুজাদ্দিদ পাঠাবেন যিনি দ্বীনের তাজদীদ (সংস্কার) করবেন। (আবু দাউদ শরিফ, তিবরানি, বায়হাকি)।

  15. atif says:

    ALLAH PAK MUJADID ALIFSANI (RA) ke qabar ko noor sa bar dy

  16. abu sufian says:

    i am from bangladesh. I want to know how shall i go to sharhind from kolkata.

  17. Muslim jan Saifi says:

    Maktubaat is my favourite book

  18. Waheed Bacha says:

    Assalam O Alaikum!

    I belong to Mujaddid family and we descendants of Hazrat Khwaja Muhammad Masoom RA. We live in Pakistan, Province Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa and the district called Malakand. Our place is known “Hazrat Khel”, named after our elders used to reside here. We have 4 khaniqahs right now; ie Khanaqah Garhi Hazrat khel Village Thana Malakand Distt KPk, Khanaqah Peshawar (Roza of Hazrat Jee Sahib Peshawari), Khanaqah Bannu KPK and Khanaqah South Wazirstan. Our grandfather Hazrat Fazal Ahad’s Khanaqah is in Khoqand Tajikistan. To all those who are real Mujaddids, may contact me through email or mobile.
    Regards

  19. Shaikh Muhammad Ekramul Haque says:

    As-sala mu alaikum. please, search and show the sources of the forth hadith about Imam e Rabbani (rh). We read this hadith in `Rouzatul Qauaiumia’

  20. May Allah bless all our great scholars and those who follows right path.

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