Sayyid Muhammad was a direct descendant of the Holy Prophet sallAllāhu ʻalayhi wasallam, and was from the Hamdānī branch of Sayyids. He lived in a town Danda Shāh Bilāwal, located in Punjab Province, Pakistan.
He was initiated into the Naqshbandī Order by his uncle. After the demise of his uncle, he went to his uncle’s shaykh Khwāja Muhammad Usmān along with many of his family and friends who were also murids of Sayyid Laʻl Shāh. They all were initiated again by the Shaykh, who immediately awarded deputyship to Sayyid Muhammad Shāh and gave him the certificate of authorization (khilāfat-nāma) which was written by Mawlānā Mahmūd Shīrāzī.
The shaykh asked him to return to his home town in order to receive condolences of people for his uncle’s death, and return to the khānqāh later for further spiritual training.
He obeyed and returned to his home town. After a short duration, he came back to the Shaykh and stayed with him for three months. During this time, he received spiritual blessings and mentoring, and studied some books of Sufism from the shaykh including Durr al-Maʻārif and Arbaʻ Anhār. When he was returning, the shaykh told him that he had completed Wilāyat al-Ulyā (the highest sainthood), and that even higher spiritual stations will be journeyed later, only if my life remains.
However, the shaykh passed away soon, and Sayyid Muhammad continued his spiritual journey under the guidance of the shaykh’s son Khwāja Muhammad Sirāj ad-Dīn (d. 1333 AH).
Sayyid Muhammad Hamdānī had numerous murids. He had eight sons, eldest of them was Sayyid Sultān Ibrāhīm. His other sons include (not in order): Sayyid ʻAbdur-Rahmān, Sayyid Ahmad Saʻīd, Sayyid Muhammad Saʻīd, and Sayyid Mahbūb ul-ʻĀrifīn.
- Mawāhib-i Rahmāniya volume 3 (Urdu) by Khwāja Muhammad Ismāʻīl Sirājī, published in 1989 from Lahore.
- Family history