Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Sirāj ad-Dīn Naqshbandī Mujaddidī is the son and spiritual successor of Hadhrat Shaykh Muhammad Usmān Dāmānī Naqshbandī. He was born on Monday 15 Muharram 1297 AH (29 December 1879) at the noble khāniqāh Mūsā Zaī Sharīf, district Derā Ismāīl Khān, Pakistan. He completed all his Islamic education and graduated at the age of 14. His teachers include Mullā Shāh Muhammad Akhūnd from whom he learned the Qur’ān, Mawlānā Mahmood Shīrāzī and Mawlana Hussain Alī. He was initiated by his father in the Naqshbandi tarīqāh who also taught him books of Tasawwuf such as Maktūbāt Imām Rabbānī.
On 3rd Dhu al-Qa’dā 1311 AH (9/10 May 1894), his father awarded him with absolute khilāfāh and spiritual successorship and gave him written certificate. He was just 14 years at that time. His graduation ceremony was held on 14 Jamādā al-Awwal 1313 AH (2/3 November 1895). He received absolute authority in eight Sufi orders: Naqshbandī-Mujaddidī, Qādrī, Chishtī, Suhrawardī, Kubravī, Madārī, Qalandarī and Shattārī. The golden chains of these orders are listed in Majmua Fawaed Usmaniya and other books. His chain of the Naqshbandi order goes to Imam Rabbani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi as follows:
- Hazrat Khwājā Sirāj ad-Dīn
- Hazrat Khwājā Muhammad Usmān Dāmānī
- Hazrat Khwājā Dost Muhammad Qandahārī
- Hazrat Shāh Ahmad Saeed Mujaddidī Fārūqī
- Hazrat Shāh Abū Saeed Mujaddidī Fārūqī
- Hazrat Shāh Ghulām Alī Dehlavī
- Hazrat Mirzā Mazhar Jān-e-Jānān
- Hazrat Sayyid Noor Muhammad Badāyūnī
- Hazrat Hāfiz Muhammad Mohsin Dehlavī
- Hazrat Khwājā Said ad-Dīn Sirhindī
- Hazrat Khwājā Muhammad Ma’soom Sirhindī
- Hazrat Imām Rabbānī Mujaddid Alf Sānī Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindī Fārūqī
His noble father Khwājā Dāmānī parted to the hereafter on 22 Sha’bān 1314 AH (January 1897), leaving behind his only son and the pearl of Naqshbandi Order Khwājā Sirāj ad-Dīn as the sole successor at this noble khānqāh Mūsā Zaī Sharīf, who was just 17 years old. All the followers of his father renewed their initiation on his noble hands.
In 1324 AH, he left for Hajj along with 36 friends and followers. All of his companions in this spiritual journey felt great blessings and revelation of Fayd. During the journey, when they were living in the holy city of Madinah, one day Khwājā Sirāj ad-Dīn left from home to visit the Holy Prophet, may peace and blessings be upon him. At the holy Green Tomb, he met with the servants (of the tomb) who put on him an Arabic dress and gave him a candle. He took that candle, alighted two more candles there and then entered the sacred chamber. He stayed there for some time, praying and receiving special blessings from the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him.
During his short life, he trained thousands of disciples including many prominent scholars. His miracles and visions are numerous, and his spiritual powers were well known to the people.
He awarded khilāfah to about 36 disciples. All of them were great shaykhs of this noble order, yet the most prominent among them who carried ahead this spiritual Fayd and spread the order far and wide was Pīr Fazal Alī Qureshī Naqshbandī. He was previously a murīd of Sayyid Laal Shāh Hamdānī, khalīfā of Khwājā Dāmānī. After the demise of his first shaykh, he turned to the service of Khwājā Sirāj ad-Dīn and received training for 17 years. Hazrat Khwājā awarded him with khilāfah when he was staying at Khānqāh Mazhariyā during his journey of India. This khilāfah was first limited to fifty disciples, later he was awarded with aboslute khilāfah.
The venerable deputies of Shaykh Sirāj ad-Dīn include the following:
- Hadhrat Shaykh Pīr Fazal Alī Qureshī Naqshbandī (1270/1354 AH) (1854-1935)
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Pīr Ghulām Hasan Siwāg (1358 AH), who established Naqshbandī khāniqāh in Hasanābād Thal, near Karor Lāl Esan, district Layyah, Pakistan. He was famous for converting large numbers of Hindus in Islam, who would convert only by looking at his blessed face.
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Qādī Qamr ad-Dīn Chakrālvī (born 23 Ramadān 1274 AH), Miānwālī, Pakistan. He was an Islamic scholar and Muhaddith.
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Sayyid Barkat Alī Shāh, who established Naqshbandī khāniqāhs in Kolkata and Mumbai (India), died in 1345 AH
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Ghulām Husain Kānpurī, a great Qārī who served as Imām of the Shaykh at the Khāniqāh as well as during journeys
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Nūr Akhundzāda Qureshī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Abd ar-Rahmān Bighārvī, Rāwalpindī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Abd ar-Rahmān, Arghasānī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Abd ar-Rahmān Pishāwarī. The tribal leader of Chitrāl was among his murids.
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad Yāsīn Khurāsānī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Muhammad A’zam Daftānī, Afghānistān
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Mīr Muhammad Yahyā Khurāsānī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Sayyid Amīr Shāh Gīlānī, the only son of Pir Murād-wand Shāh Gilāni of Ganjiyāl Sharīf.
- Hadhrat Sāhibzāda Mawlānā Muhammad Sa’īd Hirātī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Faid-Allāh Hirātī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Atā Muhammad Qureshī, Kundiyān
- Hadhrat Mullā Sāhibzāda Qandahārī (first name unknown)
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Abd al-Quddūs Shāh, Punjāb
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Abd-Allāh alias Musāfir Shāh, incharge of the khāniqāh of Khurāsān in Afghānistān
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Shams ad-Dīn Lāyalpurī (Faisalābādī)
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Abū Sa’d Ahmad Khān Naqshbandī (d. 1941), Kundiyān, Pākistān
- Hadhrat Fateh Alī, Soon valley, district Khūshāb, Pākistān
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Charāgh ad-Dīn alias Chan Charāgh, Lukkī Marwat, Pākistān
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Nūr al-Haqq, Shāhpur
- Hadhrat Sayyid Wilāyat Shāh Hamdānī, Dandā Shāh Bilāwal
- Hadhrat Sayyid Qamr ad-Dīn Shāh, Shujā’ābād, near Multān, Pākistān
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Ghulām Muhy ad-Dīn, Chandharwālā
- Hadhrat Hājī Muhammad Ismā’īl
- Hadhrat Hājī Muhammad Rafīq, Pākistān
- Hadhrat Hāfiz Muhammad Umar, Miyānwālī, Pākistān
- Hadhrat Qādi Dost Muhammad, Tālī Nagīnī, tehsil Chiniot, district Jhang, Pākistān
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Abd al-Ahad, Karī Shamūzaī, migrated to Hyderabad Deccan, India
- Hadhrat Hāji Jamāl ad-Dīn, Karī Shamūzaī
- Hadhrat Mawlānā Ahmad Dīn Jhundmīrvī
His collected letters, numbering 49, are published and also translated in Urdu. During his life, some people criticized Sufi practices at his noble khānqāh. He responded to them and clarified all those practices, validating them from Shariah. He opposed the Wahhābī cult which was slowly spreading in India at that time, calling it a Fitnā.
He left for the hereafter on Friday 26 Rabī al-Awwal 1333 AH (12 February 1915) at an age of 36 years. He was buried next to his father at the noble khānqāh Mūsā Zaī Sharīf, district Derā Ismāīl Khān, Pakistan.
The next in the Naqshbandī Mujaddidī Tāhirī spiritual golden chain is Pīr Fazal Alī Qureshī.
- Jalwā Gāh-e-Dost (Urdu) by Khwājā Muhammad Tāhir Bakhshi Naqshbandi
- Biography in Urdu by Mukhtar Ahmed Khokhar, published in Attahir
- Tuhfa Zahidiya [Maktubat Khwaja Usman Damani and Khwaja Sirajuddin] Urdu translation by Sufi Muhammad Ahmed Naqshbandi, Zawwar Academy Publications, 2000
- Majmua Fawaed Usmania, Urdu translation by Muhammad Nazir Ranjha, 2006
- Mawahib ar-Rahmaniya volume 3, by Mawlana Ismail Siraji