Shaykh ʿAbdullāh Bāqushīr Makkī (d.1076 AH) was a renowned Islamic scholar, author and a shaykh of the Naqshbandī Sufi path in Makkah during eleventh century AH. He was the deputy and successor of Shaykh Tāj ad-Dīn Sambhalī ʿUthmānī (d.1051 AH), who was a deputy of Khwāja Muhammad al-Bāqī Dahlawī (d.1012 AH).
His full name was Shaykh ʿAbdullāh ibn Saʿīd ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Abū-Bakr Bāqushīr Shāfiʿī Ḥaḍramī Makkī qaddas-Allāhu sirrahū. He was born in Makkah in the beginning of eleventh century AH, and there he learned Islamic sciences from the reputed scholars of Makkah, including the science of Qurānic recitation.
He used to teach in the Masjid al-Ḥarām in Makkah. He had a very special method of reciting the Holy Qurān, formed by combining the different recitations. He learned it from one of his teachers.
When Shaykh Tāj ad-Dīn Sambhalī immigrated to Makkah from India, he learned the Naqshbandī Ahrārī Sufi path from him and was made a deputy. After his master’s demise, he succeeded him in the rubāt (shrine) of his shaykh at a mountain north of Masjid al-Ḥarām.
He died in Makkah on a Monday on 25 or 26 of the month of Rabīʿ al-Awwal 1076 AH. Many reputed scholars and authors are counted among his students. His deputies in the Naqshbandī order include Shaykh ʿAbdullāh ibn Sālim Baṣarī Makkī. His students and disciples include the following:
- Shaykh ʿAbdullāh ibn Sālim Baṣarī Makkī
- Shaykh ʿAlī Ayyūbī Shāfiʿī Makkī (1020-1086 AH)
- Shaykh Aḥmad Bāqushīr (d.1075 AH)
His writings include:
- A commentary on Uṣūl Min ash-Shāṭibiyyah.
- Jawhar at-Tawḥīd
- Naẓm Nuzhat al-Ḥisāb