Mawlānā Abū as-Saʿd Aḥmad Khān Naqshbandī Mujaddidī was one of the most prominent deputies of Shaykh Muḥammad Sirāj ad-Dīn Naqshbandī of Mūsā Zaī Sharīf, district Derā Ismāīl Khān, Pakistan.
He was initially murid of Sayyid Laʿal Shāh Hamdānī (d.1313H) who was a deputy of Khwāja Muḥammad Uthmān Dāmānī (d.1314H). When Sayyid ṣāḥib left this mortal world, Mawlānā Ahmad Khān learned the remaining Sufi path from Khwāja Muḥammad Sirāj ad-Dīn Naqshbandī (1297-1333 AH).
He left many qualified deputies, including the following:
- Qāzī Muhammad Sadruddīn (d.1398H), who established a Sufi khānqāh in Harīpur Hazārā, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwā, Pakistan.
- Sayyid Abd as-Salām Ahmad Shāh (d. 1386 AH), son of Sayyid Barkat-ʿAlī Shāh of Kolkata.
- Mawlānā Sayyid Muftī ʿAmīm al-Ihsān Barkatī Mujaddidī of Bangladesh, who was initially a murid of Sayyid Barkat-ʿAlī Shāh of Kolkata.
Some contemporary Sufis, including a few followers of the Naqshbandi Mujaddidi Path, have adopted Wahhabism and preach Wahhabi doctrine to the people. The masters of this noble tarīqah were aware of this deviant sect and used to warn people from the evil effects of their creed and company. Shāh Aḥmad Saʿd Mujaddidī quddisa sirruhū has written extensively on such issues as Mawlid, Urs, Ilm al-Ghayb, and Istighāsa (see this post). Mawlānā Aḥmad Khān was not a Wahhābi or Deobandi, neither was he an extremist in opposing them. He explained about those Sufis who have adopted Wahhabi creed in the following words:
These days, there is such a wave of Wahhabism that faith, love and etiquette has suddenly vanished. Bayʿah is there, connection to the silsila is there, awrād (spiritual lessons) are there, but love and faith is missing and the adherence to proper manners is missing. This is the cause that fewer Fuyūz (spiritual lights and blessings) are received (by the seekers).
When Ḥazrat Ḥājī Dost Muḥammad ṣāḥib used to live in the service of his master Ḥazrat Shāh Aḥmad Saʿid ṣāḥib quddisa sirruhū, he used to clean the seat of the toilet (of his master) with his own hands.
Hazrat Ḥājī ṣāḥib used to say that whatever I have gained, it is by the love of the shaykh. And Ḥazrat Shāh Aḥmad Saʿīd ṣāḥib used to embrace Ḥājī ṣāḥib and say about him: “Whatever he has gained, it is from our love. And we love him like no one else. He is dignified among all my friends.” [page 220, 165]
- Tārīkh wa Tazkirah Khānqāh Sirājiyyah Naqshbandiyyah Mujaddidiyyah (Urdu) by Muhammad Nazīr Rānjhā. Second edition, July 2010.