Imām Mūsā Kāẓim ʿalaihi as-salām was the seventh Imām in the Golden Chain of twelve Imams. His epithet was Abu’l-Ḥasan and Abū-Ibrāhīm, and title was Kāẓim. He was the son and successor of Imām Jaʿfar Ṣādiq. He was born at a place called Abwāh located between Makkah and Madīnah, on 9 Ṣafar 128 AH [Shawāhid an-Nubuwwah].
Many of his miracles are reported by Mawlānā ʿAbd ar-Raḥmān Jāmī in Shawāhid an-Nubuwwah.
He had twenty three sons; his progeny continues from ten of them. [Bārā Imām]
Following Ṣūfī masters are from his progeny (excluding those from the progeny of Imām ʿAlī Riḍā):
- Founder of the Rifāʿī Ṣūfī Order, Sayyid Aḥmad Kabīr Rifāʿī, from Ibrāhīm ibn Mūsā Kāẓim
He passed away in Baghdād in 183 or 186 AH while imprisoned by the caliph Hārūn ar-Rashīd. His tomb lies in al-Kāẓimiya mosque, Kāẓimain, Baghdād (Iraq), and is a source of blessings and a place of pilgrimage.
He was succeeded by his son Imām ʿAlī Riḍā.