Sayyid Adam Bannuri: a great wali in the Naqshbandi Order

Ḥaḍrat Sayyid Ādam Ḥusainī Bannūrī quddisa-sirruhū was one of the well known deputies of Imām Rabbānī Shaykh Aḥmad Fārūqī Sirhindī. His spiritual legacy still lives on in the form of many active branches of his Order spread across the world.

He first became a disciple of Ḥājī Khiḍr Afghān who was a deputy of Imān Rabbānī, and learned the dhikr from him. Later, by the permissionof Ḥājī Khiḍr, he entered the service of Imām Rabbānī and received tawwajuh and training in the Naqshbandi Order. Within months, he was granted deputyship and ordered to teach this noble Path to the new seekers.

He was known for his steadfastness on following the noble Sunnah and curbing the anti-Sunnah acts (Bidʿah). His generosity was unparalleled, and every poor and rich, young and old was offered equal free food at his place.

He had numerous followers and his spiritual order spread far and wide within his lifetime. According to Shaykh Badruddīn Sirhindī, he had approximately one hundred deputies and close to one hundred thousand disciples [2]. Later, he went for pilgrimage (Hajj) and visited the noble city of Madinah, where he was ordered by the Best of Creations, the Final Prophet ṣall-Allāhu ʿalaihi wa-sallam, to stay in that noble city. Thus he settled there, and died there on 13 Shawwāl 1054 AH and was buried very close to the tomb of Sayyidunā ʿUthmān al-Ghanī raḍiy-Allāhu ʿanhu, such that the shadow of the tomb would fall over his grave. [2]

A list of deputies of Sayyid Ādam Bannūrī follows.

  1. Sayyid Mīr ʿAlīmullāh (d. 1081 AH) [1]
  2. Shaykh Sulṭān [1]
  3. Ḥājī ʿAbdullāh Kohātī [1]
  4. Ḥājī Yār Muḥammad Pāīnī (near Kābul) [1]
  5. Shaykh Saʿdī Lāhorī [1]
  6. Ḥāfiẓ Saʿdullāh Wazīrābādī [1]
  7. Shaykh Ummīd Alī [1]
  8. Shaykh Nūr [1]
  9. Shaykh Fatiḥ Muḥammad [1]
  10. Shaykh ʿUthmān Shāhjahānpurī [1]
  11. Ḥājī Sharīf [1]
  12. Shaykh Bāyazīd [1]
  13. Khwāja Muḥammad Amīn Makkī [1]

The spiritual order of Sayyid Ādam Bannūrī is still active and many of its branches are widespread. Some of the most notable saints of his order are the following:

  1. Shāh Waliyullāh Muḥaddith Dahlawī, the great Indian Islamic scholar and author
  2. Shāh Faqīrullāh Alawī Shikārpurī, (Shikārpur, Sindh), author of many Sufi books
  3. Sayyid Muḥammad Rāshid alias Rozay Dhanī, Sindh


1. Rawḍat al-Qayyūmiya, by Shaykh Muḥammad Iḥsān Mujaddidī
2. Ḥaḍrāt al-Quds, by Shaykh Badruddīn Sirhindī


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