Hadhrat Mawlānā Shaykh Hājī Riyāsat Alī Khān Shāhjahānpurī Hanafī Naqshbandī Mujaddidī, may Allāh sanctify his soul, was a great Islamic scholar and jurist, a Mufassir of the Holy Qur’ān, and a master of the Naqshbandī Mujaddidī path.
He was born and lived in Shāhjahānpur, in the current state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
He studied some books of education from the scholars of his hometown. Later, he went to Rāmpur where he studied from the esteemed scholar Hadhrat Muftī Muhammad Irshād Husain Mujaddidī Naqshbandī quddisa sirruhū. He studied from his shaykh many sciences including Jurisprudence, Usūl, Kalām, Logic and traditional medicine. He lived with his master for many years and learned the spiritual path as well. When he acquired the sublime spiritual stations of sainthood and traversed the prophetic perfections, his shaykh awarded him deputyship and made him a successor [khalīfa].
Shaykh Riyāsat Alī then returned to his hometown and dedicated himself to teaching and providing spiritual guidance to the seekers. He was not only a great spiritual guide, he had a vast amount of knowledge which is apparent from his writings. He wrote many books, two of them are the following in the science of Tafsīr:
- Al-Zalālain Sharh al-Jalālain (الزلالين شرح الجلالين)
- Lubāb al-Tanzīl Fī Hall Mushkalāt al-Qur’ān (لباب التنزيل في حل مشكلات القرآن)
He passed away in the month of Rabī’ as-Sānī 1349 AH (1930).
One of his deputies was Hadhrat Shaykh Isrār Alī alias Amīn ad-Dīn Naqshbandī, who was followed by Shaykh Abd al-Hakīm Naqshbandī, who was followed by Shaykh Muhammad Māmūn ar-Rashīd Naqshbandī (Banglādesh) who is currently leading this branch of the Mujaddidī Order and has migrated to Cambodia for guiding the spiritual seekers there.
- Nuzhat al-Khawātir (Arabic), by Mawlānā Abd al-Hayy Lakhnawī
- Mawlānā Irshād Husain Mujaddidī Rāmpurī, by Sayyid Shāhid Alī Rizwī Rāmpurī, published from Rāmpur, India, 1989.
- Mashāikh-i Naqshbandiya Mujaddidiya, by Mawlānā Muhammad Hasan Naqshbandī Mujaddidī, Qādrī Rizwī Kutubkhāna, Lahore, 2003.