Shaykh ʻAbd ar-Rashīd Fārūqī Mujaddidī Naqshbandī was a renowned Sufi master of the Naqshbandī Order and a member of the Mujaddidī family of Sufi masters. He was the eldest son and spiritual deputy of Shāh Ahmad Saʻīd Mujaddidī (d.1860).
He was born in 1235 AH (1820) in Lucknow, India. At the age of ten, he was initiated in the Naqshbandī Sufi path by his grandfather Shāh Abū Saʻīd. He received education from some of the finest scholars of India and the Holy Sanctuaries including his father. In 1256 AH, at a young age, he traveled to the Holy Sanctuaries to perform Hajj pilgrimage. While leaving, he was granted deputyship in the Naqshbandī Order from his noble father.
After the Indian rebellion of 1857, he accompanied his father and family in migration to Madīnah. There he lived for the rest of his life, and trained numerous disciples in the spiritual path of the Naqshbandī Order.
Among his regular practices was the convening of annual Mawlid ceremoney on 11th Rabīʻ al-Awwal, and the anniversaries of his ancestors and spiritual grandmasters. In the Mawlid ceremoney, he would himself recite the Mawlid book written by his noble father. After recitations, he would show the noble hair of the Holy Prophet sallAllāhu ʻalayhi wasallam, that he inherited from his father.
He died in Makkah a few days after Hajj, in 1287 AH (1871). His funeral prayer was led by his brother Shaykh Muhammad ʻUmar Mujaddidī. He was buried close to the blessed tomb of Sayyidah Khadījah radiyAllāhu ʻanhā.
His era was one of controversies and sectarian differences. The Wahhabi sect was spreading in Arabia as well as in India. He was a staunch follower of the Ahl as-Sunnah creed and the Hanafī school. His son Shāh Muhammad Maʻsūm writes in Zikr-us-Saʻīdain (abridged text): Continue reading
Amīr Ahmad Bukhārī Naqshbandī Ahrārī was a well renowned Sufi master of the Naqshbandī Sufi Order in Istanbul. He was the spiritual successor of Mullā Abdullāh Ilāhī Simāvī, one of the distinguished deputies of Khwāja ʻUbaydullāh Ahrār quddisa-sirruhūm (may their secret be sanctified).
He came from Māwarāunnahr (Transoxiana) and settled in Anatolia (modern Turkey). Later, he established his own Sufi lodge in the Fatih district of Istanbul, called Amīr Bukhārī Tekke.
He died in 922 AH (1516).
Among his preserved writings is a book of Persian poetry called Dīvāncha. It includes 2 qasīdahs, 54 ghazals, 1 rubāʻī, 1 verse (bayt) and a Turkish ghazal. It is yet unpublished. Continue reading
Shaykh Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī ibn Yaʿqūb Ḥijāzī Shāfiʿī Baḥrainī was a prominent Sufi scholar and shaykh of the Naqshbandī tarīqah in Bahrain.
He was born in Muḥarraq, a city in Bahrain, in 1908 / 1328 AH.
He died in 1996, in the month of Rabīʿ al-Awwal. It is not confirmed whether he left any authorized khalīfa, but his students, who are themselves renowned scholars, continue his method and establish Zikr sessions in Bahrain. Continue reading
Sayyid Badruddin ibn Abdus-Salam Badri Kashmiri was a Sufi of the Naqshbandi Ahrari Order, an author, historian and a prolific poet. He lived in the tenth and eleventh centuries A.H, exact dates are unknown.
Initially he learned the Kubravī Sufi method and later associated himself with the Naqshbandī Order.
In 960 AH, he left Kashmir to visit the Holy Sanctuaries and perform Hajj pilgrimage. In 961, he affiliated himself with a Sufi shaykh called Amīr Yūnus Muhammad Naqshbandī Ahrārī (d. Rabī al-Awwal 961 AH), and after his death, he became a disciple of Khwāja Saʻīd ad-Dīn Saʻīd, son of Khwāja Muhammad Islām Jūybārī.
- Shaykh Badruddīn Badrī Kashmīrī
- Khwāja Saʻīd ad-Dīn Saʻīd
- Khwāja Muhammad Islām Jūybārī (d.971 AH)
- Makhdūm-i-Aʻzam Khwāja Ahmad Kāsānī
- Mawlānā Muhammad Qāzī
- Khwāja Ubaydullāh Ahrār (d.895 AH)
His writings include: Continue reading
Hadrat Shaykh Sayyid Jamal ad-Din Dana Naqshbandi Ahrari was a renowned Sufi master of Gujarat, India.
He was born in the Middle East, possibly in Turkey. His father Sayyid Badshah Parda-Posh was of Husaini lineage of sayyids, and was martyred fighting with the Safavi Shia regime.
He was a disciple and deputy of Khwaja Muhammad Islam Juybari. His spiritual chain is following:
- Shaykh Jamal ad-Din Dana (d.1016 AH), deputy of
- Khwaja Muhammad Islam Juybari (d.971 AH)
- Makhdum-e-Azam Khwaja Ahmad Kasani
- Mawlana Muhammad Qazi
- Khwaja Ubaydullah Ahrar (d.895 AH)
Shaykh Jamal ad-Din migrated to Gujarat, India to propagate Islam and the Naqshbandi Sufi Order.
He died on 5 Muharram 1016 AH (1607 A.D). He had two sons:
- Khwaja Muhammad Hashim (or Qasim)
- Khwaja Abul-Husain
An International conference of Sunni scholars was held in Grozny, Chechnya, attended by more than 100 renowned Islamic scholars and Sufi shaykhs who came from Russia, Syria, Turkey, India, Egypt, Jordan, South Africa, United Kingdom and other countries.
Shaykh Ahmed El-Tayeb, Grand Imam of al-Azhar, Egypt, defined the mainstream Sunni Islam and excluded Wahhabis from it. He stated:
“Ahl as-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah are the Ash’arites and Muturidis (adherents of the theological systems of Imam Abu Mansur al-Maturidi and Imam Abul-Hasan al-Ash’ari). In matters of belief, they are followers of any of the four schools of thought (Hanafi, Shafi’i, Maliki or Hanbali) and are also the followers of the Sufism of Imam Junaid al-Baghdadi in doctrines, manners and [spiritual] purification.”
This statement implies that Salafists, also called Wahhabis, are not part of the mainstream Ahl as-Sunnah or Sunni Muslims, despite the fact that they are trying to hijack the term Sunni by labeling themselves as Sunni Muslims. Continue reading
The venerable Sufi master Sayyid Shaykh Muhammad Murād Husaynī Bukhārī was one of the most reputed deputies of Khwāja Muhammad Ma‘sūm Fārūqī, son and successor of Mujaddid Alf-i Sānī Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindī.
He was born in Samarqand in 1050 AH (1640). He traveled to India to seek the Naqshbandī Spiritual Path from Khwāja Muhammad Ma‘sūm, the grand master of the Path at the time. He completed his spiritual journey in only a week, and was given deputyship and asked to teach the path to seekers in the Middle East.
He was a great scholar of Islamic sciences. He had memorized ten thousand Hadīth together with their chains of narration.
He traveled to many lands and places, and performed the Hajj pilgrimage multiple times. He established the Naqshbandi Order in Makkah, Damascus and Istanbul, and stayed at these places for long periods of his life. Finally he died in Istanbul in 1132 AH (1720) and is buried in the Fatih District, Istanbul. Continue reading
One of the renowned Naqshbandī Sufi masters of Peshawar city was the luminary saint and mystic Ḥaz̤rat Shaykh Faz̤l-i Aḥmad Fārūqī Naqshbandī Mujaddidī, also known as Ḥaz̤rat Jio Ṣāḥib. In written works, he is often referred to as Faz̤l-i Aḥmad Maʻṣūmī.
His real name was Ghulām Muḥammad. He ancestral lineage goes to the second caliph of Islam ʻUmar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb raḍiy-Allāhu ʻanhu, through the elder brother of Mujaddid Alf-i S̲ānī Shāh ʻAbdur-Razzāq Fārūqī.
He was a maternal great-grandson of Shaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī. His father was Shaykh Niyāz Aḥmad Mujaddidī, son of Mīr Ṣafar Aḥmad Maʻṣūmī. Mīr Ṣafar Aḥmad is the author of Maqāmāt-i Maʻṣūmī, a renowned book on the biography of Khwāja Muḥammad Maʻṣūm Fārūqī Sirhindī. Mīr Ṣafar Aḥmad was also a maternal grandson of Khwāja Muḥammad Maʻṣūm. His paternal lineage is as follows: Continue reading
The venerable Shaykh Ismāʻīl Anārānī Kurdī Dimashqī qaddas-Allāhu sirrahū was an exalted saint and a master of the Naqshbandī Khālidī tarīqah and the successor to Mawlānā Khālid Baghdādī. He lived only for three weeks after his shaykh’s death and died in the same plague in Damascus (1242 AH).
Mawlānā Khālid Baghdādī died in a plague in Damascus. He appointed Shaykh Ismāʻīl Anārānī as his successor. However, Shaykh Ismāʻīl also died shortly after three weeks later (1242 AH).
After his death, the seat of guidance was passed over to another deputy of Mawlānā Khālid, Shaykh Khās Muhammad Shirwānī.
Haḍrat Sayyid Ṭāhā Hakkārī Jīlānī Naqshbandī Khālidī qaddas-Allāhu sirrahū was one of the superior deputies of Mawlānā Khālid Baghdādī. He was a true Sayyid and a descendant of Sayyid ʻAbdul-Qādir Jīlānī raḍiy-Allāhu ʻanhu.
His uncle Sayyid ʻAbdullāh Jīlānī Hakkārī was also a perfect deputy of Mawlānā Khālid, who introduced Sayyid Ṭāhā to his shaykh. When Mawlānā Khālid saw Sayyid Ṭāhā, he ordered him to visit the shrine of Shaykh ʻAbdul-Qādir Jīlānī (in Baghdad) to ask him permission to join the Naqshbandī Order. Sayyid Ṭāhā obeyed and went there, and saw Shaykh ʻAbdul-Qādir in a vision, who told him to become a disciple of Mawlānā Khālid. Thus he started his spiritual journey in the Naqshbandī Mujaddidī Path, although his ancestral Sufi Path was Qādrī.
He died in 1269 AH (1853) in Nehri. He appointed his brother Shaykh Sālih as his successor. Among his perfected deputies were the following:
- Sayyid Muhammad Ṣālih, brother of Sayyid Ṭāhā
- Sayyid Ṣibghatullāh Arwāsī
- Sayyid Fahīm